The knowledge areas relate to the management of project integration, scope, schedule, cost, quality, resources, communications, risk, procurement, and stakeholders. As a project manager, you need to know what the stages of a project are and the best practices for applying each knowledge area. For example, you need to know how to document and distribute information about the project, how to procure materials effectively, and how to manage schedules and quality. You also need to know about cost and risk management and the best practices for managing stakeholders within a project environment. Finally, you need to know how to use project management tools such as budgets, risk analyses, Pareto diagrams, and schedules. Project management performance competencies include your qualifications for the job and your experience. They are based on skills that you bring to the table as a project manager. The usual reference for determining a project manager's qualifications and experience is a resume. Employers generally look for experience on similar projects in similar organizations, and are interested in the success of those projects.
In terms of performance-based competencies, employers need to consider the types of things a project manager is able to do. For example, are you able to develop a project budget? Schedule project resources properly? Perform a risk assessment and effectively mitigate risk? In other words, performance-based competency depends on how you can put what you know into practice. Who you are affects how you perform, which brings us to personal competencies. This area of competency is about things like your motives, attitude, values, and self-concept. Each personal competency relates to aspects of your character that affect how you apply your knowledge and skills. People with different personality traits may apply knowledge and practices differently, but still achieve similar results. However, there are specific personal competencies that a project manager should have. Successful project managers can manage changes as a project develops. Because they're innovative and willing to take calculated risks. You need to find creative solutions for problems that arise as a project develops. You also need to find flexible ways of responding to unexpected changes, even when this involves some risk. Another personal quality of a good project manager is the ability to get things done. This means you should be able to ensure that effort is sustained from the start of a project to its end. You need to be able to put plans in motion.